There are three character symbols put forward by Jung. They are: the Shadow, the Anima or Animus, and the Self. These are intertwined into the way a person both sees themselves and interacts with those around them. An explanation of each is below.
The Realization of Shadow:
The Shadow is a portion of the unconscious personality. It represents unknown or little-known attributes and qualities of ego. The ego are aspects that mostly belong to the personal sphere and that could be just as well conscious. When an individual makes an attempt to see his shadow, he becomes aware of (and often ashamed of) those qualities and impulses that he denies in himself but can plainly see in other people – things such as egotism, mental laziness, and sloppiness; unreal fantasies, schemes, and plots; carelessness and cowardliness; inordinate love of money and possessions – in short, all of the little sins about which he might previously have told himself: "That doesn’t matter; nobody will notice it, and in any case other people do it too".
Shadows are seen through projection in waking life, and are personified in dreams. The rude man in the café may be your own Shadow.
It can be said that the Shadow self is more prevalent when Mars and Venus are not balanced. Too much sensuality or aggression can lead to a Shadow that is projected onto others – lovers or enemies.
The Anima: the Women Within:
The anima is the female personification of the unconscious in a male. It is the personification of all feminine psychological tendencies in a man’s psyche, such as vague feelings and moods, prophetic hunches, receptiveness to the irrational, capacity for personal love, feeling for nature, and relation to unconscious. This may be good or bad. The Venus in a man’s chart gives a clue to how the anima is played out.
Home and security, comfort and forgiveness
Possessor, devourer, and destroyer
Capacity to cope with reality, to deal with the material world
Domineering, managing, self-assertive, imprisoning, structure, dogmatic, bound by tradition and law
Intuitive, the inspiratrice, vessel of creative spirit
Hysteria, madness, chaos, frenzied surrender to the forces of the collective and the daemonic powers of vision and delirium
The Animus: the Man Within:
The animus is the male personification of the unconscious in a female. The animus does not so often appear in the form of an erotic fantasy or mood; it is more apt to take the form of a hidden "sacred" conviction. When such a conviction is preached with a loud, insistent masculine voice or imposed on others by means of brutal emotional scenes, the underlying masculinity in a women is easily recognized. However, even in a women who is outwardly very feminine the animus can be equally hard, inexorable power. One may suddenly find oneself up against something in women that is obstinate, cold, and completely inaccessible. The Mars in a woman’s chart gives a clue to how the animus is played out.
Protective, strengthening and reassuring, offers security
Stifling to growth, keeps her a perpetual little girl by denying rights to discover her own values
Drive, assertiveness, courage, common sense, tenacity, endurance, and a powerful will
Sensuous, materialistic, insensitive, brutal, domineering, possessive, and destructive to all creative gifts and things of the spirit
Magician, the prophet that unfolds the mysteries of larger meaning of life
The abyss, the searing, fanatical, and totally impersonal power of chaos.
The material in this document can be found in the following, highly recommended, books:
The Only Astrology Book You'll Ever Need by Joanne Martine Woolfolk
Alan Oken's Complete Astrology by Alan Oken